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Data for the Masses Volume 2: Data Products, Data Contracts and API Contracts

13.6.2024 | 7 minutes of reading time

The pillars of modern data architectures as success factors for organisations

In the digital economy, a well-thought-out data architecture and the efficient use of data are crucial for organisational success. Data products, data contracts and API contracts are becoming increasingly important as they help to utilise data sensibly in order to develop innovative products and increase operational efficiency.

Data products transform raw data into valuable insights, while data contracts regulate data quality and utilisation. API contracts ensure communication between applications and support the scalability of IT infrastructures. This article explains how these elements work together to promote organisational success.

Data products

Data products are central components of modern data architectures that address specific business problems through data-driven services or solutions. At the core of every data product is the ability to use data in such a way that it creates direct added value for the organisation, be it through the optimisation of internal processes or the improvement of customer interaction. The value of a data product lies in its specificity and its direct focus on measurable business results.

The development of a data product requires careful planning and a deep understanding of both the technical possibilities and the business requirements. The Data Product Canvas is a critical tool to help teams define the key elements of a data product - from target user identification to data capture and final value generation. This framework promotes a systematic approach to ensure that all aspects of the data product contribute to supporting organisational goals.

The strategic importance of data products in the organisational context cannot be overestimated, as they not only help to increase efficiency and reduce costs, but can also create significant competitive advantages. However, in order to be successful in the long term, the development of data products must take place within a clearly defined data strategy. Both the technical requirements and the business expectations must be precisely balanced and regularly reviewed to ensure that the data product still fulfils the changing market requirements. The continuous adaptation and improvement of the product in collaboration with the end users is essential for long-term success.

Data contracts

Data contracts are essential for the successful implementation and management of data products, as explained in the previous section. They precisely define the quality requirements, format and terms of use of data exchanged within an organisation or between business partners. These contracts ensure that data is handled consistently, reliably and in accordance with the defined specifications.

The Open Data Contract Standard plays a central role in the formulation of data contracts by providing a standardised template that facilitates interoperability between different data sources and systems. This standard helps organisations to clearly structure their data contracts and minimise legal and technical misunderstandings.

In contrast, the Open Data Product Specification offers a more comprehensive view, covering not only the contractual aspects of data usage, but also guidelines for designing the entire data product, including its technical and functional features. While the Open Data Contract standard focuses mainly on the definition of data exchange parameters, the Open Data Product Specification covers broader aspects of data product development and management.

In addition, the Data Product Canvas, which has already been mentioned in the context of data product development, enables detailed and user-centred planning of data products. It differs from data contracts in that it not only covers the technical and data-specific aspects, but also identifies the stakeholders, user requirements and value creation paths. Data contracts are therefore an indispensable part of the data product ecosystem, ensuring that all parties involved have a common understanding and that the data is used in a way that is fair to all parties involved. Their implementation and ongoing adaptation are crucial for maintaining data integrity and security throughout the entire lifecycle of a data product.

API contracts

API contracts are crucial for the interaction between software applications. They define requests, structures and expected responses of an API and are therefore indispensable for the integration of internal and external services. These contracts guarantee the functionality, security and performance of APIs by providing clear, machine-readable specifications and thus ensuring consistent functions and smooth interaction between services. A well-defined API contract prevents misunderstandings and errors in software development. The design of API contracts requires knowledge of best practices, such as the use of the OpenAPI standard, which defines clear guidelines for endpoints, methods and parameters. These standards make it easier for other developers to integrate and use the APIs. Security guidelines in the contracts protect data transfer and define access controls, while performance optimisations avoid bottlenecks through efficient specifications.

The maintenance and versioning of API contracts is essential in order to be able to react to changes in business requirements and technologies. Regular updates and a clear versioning strategy ensure support for older API versions and protect existing users from being impacted by changes.

In summary, the careful design and maintenance of API contracts is central to a stable and scalable IT infrastructure, ensures communication between system components and supports the digital transformation of organisations.

Integration and synergies

The effective integration of data products, data contracts and API contracts is crucial for the success of a modern data strategy. By seamlessly connecting these three core concepts, organisations can create a coherent data architecture that enables data to be used more efficiently and generate real business value.

Integration begins with the understanding that data products, data contracts and API contracts are independent entities but have a symbiotic relationship. Data products deliver data-driven solutions that are developed for internal and external use by organisations. As end products, they are based on data flows and services that are defined by data contracts and made accessible by API contracts. Data contracts ensure the quality and format of the data, while API contracts define the technical interfaces required to access and integrate this data into various applications and systems.

The synergy between these elements is created by creating a data pipeline that functions smoothly and seamlessly coordinates the flow of data from the source to the end product. This not only increases efficiency, but also ensures that all data-related activities meet the defined organisational standards and compliance requirements. For example, a well-structured data contract can ensure the integrity of the data transferred through APIs, which in turn increases the reliability of the data products based on it.

Another important element of integration is the ability to connect different data sets and applications that are used in different areas of the organisation. By using API contracts that provide clear and consistent interface definitions, IT departments can seamlessly integrate different data sources and applications without conflicts or data inconsistencies. However, the integration of data products, data contracts and API contracts also harbours challenges. These include, in particular, the complexity of data management across multiple platforms and systems. Many organisations struggle with fragmented data landscapes and isolated systems, which makes consistent data integration difficult.

To overcome these challenges, organisations often have to make extensive adjustments and invest in technologies that enable better data orchestration. Recommended approaches to overcoming integration barriers include implementing centralised data management platforms, using cloud services to promote scalability and flexibility, and fostering a culture of data literacy across the organisation. Close collaboration between IT teams and business units is also required to ensure that all technologies and processes are aligned with business objectives.

By implementing these strategies, organisations can not only overcome the technical challenges, but also take full advantage of the synergies between data products, data contracts and API contracts to ultimately create a robust, efficient and future-proof data architecture.


In this article, we have outlined the importance of data products, data contracts and API contracts for optimising data architecture in organisations. Their careful integration not only increases efficiency and data quality, but also contributes to security and compliance. These elements are key to optimising internal processes and tapping into new market opportunities. A deep understanding of these concepts is crucial to effectively manage technical, organisational and strategic challenges. With advances in technologies such as AI and machine learning, the ability to adapt quickly is essential to strengthen competitiveness and innovation.


Mit Applied Data Products zum datengetriebenen Unternehmen

Data Contract Specification

Open Data Product Specification

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